Terroir

 

Location

Situated between the 44th and 45th parallels, the vineyards of Cahors are equidistant from the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Pyrenees. They extend from both of the banks of the Lot River in a swathe about 60 km long and 30 km wide, at an altitude between 100 and 300 meters. Between Cahors and Puy l’Evêque, the Lot River flows from east to west, meandering in a narrow plain of alluvial deposits, and eroding the chalky soil of the steep limestone plateaus.

Climate

The climate of the Cahors region is Atlantic in style, but subject to the influences of the Mediterranean, thereby resulting in less rainfall here than in Bordeaux. In autumn, the hot and dry southerly Autan wind blows until the end of harvest time. At the bottom of the valley, at an altitude of 90 meters, the river meanders, regulating the temperature and offering a permanent supply of water. This is typical of many areas producing great wines.

Soil

The Château du Cayrou is located on the Lot alluvial terraces . More precisely on the 2nd terrace (old alluvia - 200 000 years) made of siliceous roundstone mixed with gravel and ferrugineous red sand. But “Cayrou” means gravel, and the soil is characterized by the high proportion of gravel. This specificity make the soil very draining, which facilitates ripening and softens the tannins.

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